Bead work is a form of embroidery that has the difference of being both two and three dimensional. It is used to create wall hangings as well as enclosements for hard objects like pot rests and water vessels.
This craft was developed in the ending of 19th century with the use of imported Venetian beads (rounded pieces of glasses) for decorative purposes and the designed were based on an inventory of flower-patterned and geometric decorative designs. The decorative designs are stated authoritatively by the technique of putting two and three beads together. The art of sloping the beads is important as their size, texture and colours give the luxury and regularity of the pattern. Pillow cases, ropes of swings and cradle- frames for fans etc. are covered in bead work inspiring the simplest article of daily use.
Almost all old pieces are difficult beads while later pieces include semi-transparent and semi precious coloured with red and green. A simple mathematical calculation to create patterns is working. However, the high degrees of superiority, the number of people involved in its production, the brightness and correctness of its style and technique all make it a major craft of Kutch.
With thread and a small needle, stylized patterns are created from beads of different colours. In bead work, decorative items such as torans-horizontal doorway hangings, ceremonial square hangings-chaklas, as well as pillow covers and indoni, a circular object for balancing water pots on the heads etc. are created by women. The Dhebaria Rabaris of eastern Kutch are well-known for fantastic bead work. Working in a three bead technique, which secures heads; women make netting for ornaments and various articles. Articles made from beads are also created and offered in temples for wishes to be granted.